Download Bene Israel: Studies in the Archaeology of Israel and the by Alexander Fantalkin, Assaf Yasur-Landau PDF

By Alexander Fantalkin, Assaf Yasur-Landau

This selection of twelve papers, devoted to Professor Israel Finkelstein, bargains with quite a few elements about the archaeology of Israel and the Levant through the Bronze and Iron a long time. even if the realm lower than dialogue runs from southeastern Turkey (Alalakh) all the way down to the arid zones of the Negev wilderness, the most emphasis is at the Land of Israel. This assortment offers the latest overview of a few thorny matters in Israeli archaeology in the course of the Bronze and Iron a while and in particular addresses chronology, country formation, id, and enterprise. It deals, inter alia, a clean examine the burial practices and iconography of the classes mentioned, in addition to a re-examination of the subsistence economic system and cost styles. This booklet is finely illustrated with greater than sixty unique drawings.

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Additional info for Bene Israel: Studies in the Archaeology of Israel and the Levant During the Bronze and Iron Ages in Honour of Israel Finkelstein (Culture and History of the Ancient Near East)

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A number of similar elements in the funerary architecture of neighboring countries may provide additional information for the absolute chronology of bench tombs in Judah (Ussishkin 1993: 303–316). A few inscriptions that were found in several caves may serve as further supporting evidence for the accepted chronology. 5 Concentrations of a number of burial caves from the same period in one place may indicate cemeteries. These have been discovered proximate to large and medium-sized settlements. In addition to Jerusalem, where the density of burial caves is the largest, bench tomb cemeteries are known from numerous other Judahite sites (for the list of cemeteries, see Barkay 1994: 114, n.

In fact, the same holds true not just for the tombs: archaeologically, early Iron Age IIA Jerusalem is represented merely by meager pottery and possibly also by the stepped stone structure found in the City of David (Steiner 2001: 42–53; Finkelstein 2001: 108). In this regard, it is worth mentioning that applying Max Weber’s “patrimonial model” to the emergence of the United Monarchy in the Land of Israel (Stager 1985; 1998; Master 2001; cf. Schloen 2001: 49–73, 360, passim) would not 28 alexander fantalkin be of help either.

Bunimovitz and Finkelstein defined these earthworks as a symbol of power and a testimony to conspicuous consumption (Bunimovitz 1992: 225–228; Finkelstein 1992: 212–214). The military role of these structures was called into question and they were interpreted as a mark of social and political status, which can now be explained against the background of competition between Canaanite city-states as part of peer polity interaction. The construction of earthworks contributed to the integration of social solidarity of the different groups in the cities, and to the intensification of the power of social elites, which, in turn, enabled the development of stratified urban societies (Bunimovitz 1992: 228).

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