By Jan Tolleneer, Sigrid Sterckx, Pieter Bonte
The e-book presents an in-depth dialogue at the human nature proposal from various views and from various disciplines, interpreting its use within the doping debate and discovering its normative overtones. The relation among typical expertise and improved skills is scrutinized inside of a formal conceptual and theoretical framework: is doping to be noticeable as an element of the athlete’s dehumanization or is it a device to meet his/her aspirations to move quicker, better and greater? Which features make activities this sort of ordinary topic of moral dialogue and what are the, either intrinsic and extrinsic, ethical hazards and possibilities fascinated about athletic enhancement? This quantity combines basic philosophical anthropological mirrored image with utilized ethics and socio-cultural and empirical techniques. moreover instructions could be provided to selection- and policy-makers on neighborhood, nationwide and foreign degrees. Zooming in at the intrinsic factor of what's helpful approximately our homo sapiens organic , this quantity devotes purely scant recognition to the categorical factor of normal expertise and why such expertise is favored so in a different way than biotechnological origins of skill. additionally, particular features of activities equivalent to its aggressive nature and its direct reveal of physically prowess offer solid cause to unmarried out the difficulty of average athletic expertise for sustained moral scrutiny.
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Extra resources for AthleticEnhancement, Human Nature and Ethics: Threats and Opportunities of Doping Technologies
There’s no question that in this regard the latest enhancement techniques render the problem more significant than traditional steroids or EPO. Gene doping threatens to undermine the concept of excellence itself and to nullify 2 Self, Other, Play, Display and Humanity: Development of a Five-Level Model… 33 the authenticity of the performance, which is the greatest concern of the conservative camp. In this respect, the ‘integrity’ of the elite athlete, as a role model, is put to the test. We expect our icons to be real humans of flesh and blood, and not robots.
Schotsmans athlete himself 1. the self opponent, … 2. the other sport and its fair play basis 3. play spectator sport and its social role 4. display human nature: bio-cultural identity athlete 5. humanity Fig. 1 Relation axes as a basis for the five-level model for the analysis of ethical arguments in the athletic enhancement debate only to sporting opponents, but all those involved in a sporting activity such as team mates and coaches are under scrutiny. The third relationship that we are studying is the relationship between the athlete and the sport, the cultural phenomenon resulting from the historical process and characterised by the above-mentioned essence of play and by the accompanying formal and informal fair play.
Gene doping would increase the athlete’s accomplishment and would add humanity to his activity, similar to the way in which Jimi Hendrix would have added humanity to the composing and performing of a song like Hey Joe or Little Wing by taking, for instance, LSD. As they see it, the use of doping enables the removal of unfair genetic inequalities between athletes. Were equal opportunities not the essence of the game that we call sport? The more equal the athletes at the start, the better they can be selected on the basis of inequalities in their performance.