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By A Mlynarczyk

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1 we trace the origins of the study of aspect and Aktionsart. We focus on two developments crucial to later work: Greˇc’s (1827) distinction between tense and an (extremely broad) concept of aspect, and Agrell’s (1908) influential subdivision of this broad concept into aspect (in a narrower sense) and Aktionsart. 2 we briefly discuss the study of aspect in the Germanic tradition, paying particular attention to the impact of Agrell’s ideas. 3 we turn to the Slavic tradition. We start by examining the impact of Agrell’s work, and then consider a number of issues relevant to this thesis from a historical perspective: the legitimacy of prefixisation as an aspectual pair forming operation, how to test for aspectual pairs, and whether ‘suffixisation’ is really so different from prefixisation.

At the same time, it derives verbs (very often, state verbs) from nouns or adjectives — for instance, mił-ow-a-ł ‘(he) lovedimpf’ (derived from miło´sc´ ‘love’), chor-ow-a-ł ‘(he) was sick-impf’ (derived from choroba ‘sickness’). In opposition to -i-, it expresses the meaning of completion. In Old and Middle Polish, it occurred in verbs which later replaced it by -ywaor -a-. • Formant -na¸-//-ne¸- that developed from *-no¸It has a word-forming function of building a basic conjugational form, namely past tense theme — for instance, contemporary Polish krzyk-na¸-ł ‘(he) shoutedpf’, d´zwig-na¸-ł ‘(he) moved/moved-pf’; Old Church Slavonic krik-no¸-(l’) ‘(he) shouted-pf’, dvig-no¸-(l’) ‘(he) moved/moved-pf’.

The striving to uniformity of formants is visible within the domain of suffixal and prefixal formants — but in slightly different ways. The origin of suffixal formants can be traced back to Proto Indo-European themes, but the prefixal formants are, as we said, an innovation of Proto Slavic. 2 The evolution of Polish aspect 27 is nowadays more advanced than the process of grammaticalization of prefixes. The grammaticalisation of prefixes encounters additional obstacles, which do not arise for suffixes.

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