By Gerta Vrbová; O Hudlická; Kristin Schaefer Centofanti
The ebook offers crucial details for faculties and coaching Centres who supply physiotherapy, attractiveness remedy and activities technology classes because it explains either the medical rules and the sensible purposes of electrotherapy. It additionally bargains invaluable details for all these attracted to maintaining healthy with electric stimulation, in an more and more sedentary society the place lively workout is tough to hold at sufficient degrees or whilst an harm or ailment prevents lively workout. electric stimulation is a useful approach to reaching greater restoration of functionality after disabi. Read more...
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Additional resources for Application of muscle/nerve stimulation in health and disease
The capacity to extract oxygen from blood is much higher in endurance trained athletes. Consequently, the need to increase blood flow for the same amount of exercise is smaller, provided the exercise is performed at submaximal levels. At rest muscle blood flow is slightly lower than in untrained people. With maximal work load muscle blood flow increases more in endurance trained people than in control subjects; however the increase is similar to controls in sprinters. Experimental 2 Cardiovascular System 33 work that allowed measurements of flow in muscles with different muscle fibre composition showed that sprint training resulted in increased flow in fast contracting muscles with glycolytic metabolism with no change in slow contracting highly oxidative muscles while the reverse was true for endurance training (Fig.
40 Hz) leads to an increase in the number of capillaries similar to that achieved by low frequency stimulation, although the onset of the growth is delayed. Moreover, capillary and arteriolar growth can also be elicited by long-term administration of drugs that produce vasodilatation as the most important factor initiating vessel growth induced by electrical stimulation is increased blood flow. Changes in the vasculature in stimulated muscles occur much earlier than those induced by exercise training and are more homogeneous over the whole muscle.
Olson, J. A. Richardson, Q. Yano, C. Humphries, J. M. Shelton, H. Wu, W. G. Zhu, R. Basselduby, and R. S. Williams, A calcineurin-dependent transcriptional pathway controls skeletal muscle fibre type, Gene Devel. 12:2499–2509 (1998). 14. G. Vrbová, The effect of motoneurone activity on the speed of contraction of striated muscle, J. Physiol. 169:513–526 (1963). 15. J. Tothova, B. Blaauw, G. Pallafacchina, R. Rudolf, C. Argentini, C. Reggiani, S. Schiaffino, NFATc1 nucleocytoplasmic shuffling is controlled by nerve activity in skeletal muscle, J.