Download Animals in the Ancient World from A to Z by Kenneth F. Kitchell Jr. PDF

By Kenneth F. Kitchell Jr.

The old Greeks and Romans lived in a global teeming with animals. Animals have been indispensable to old trade, struggle, love, literature and paintings. contained in the urban they have been came across as pets, pests, and parasites. they can be sacred, sacrificed, liminal, staff, or intruders from the wild. past town domesticated animals have been herded and bred for revenue and wild animals have been looked for excitement and achieve alike. experts like Aristotle, Aelian, Pliny and Seneca studied their anatomy and behaviour. Geographers and tourists defined new lands when it comes to their animals. Animals are to be obvious on each attainable creative medium, woven into fabric and inlaid into furnishings. they're the topic of proverbs, oaths and goals. Magicians, physicians and fans became to animals and their components for his or her crafts. They paraded prior to kings, inhabited palaces, and entertained the bad within the area. rather actually, animals pervaded the traditional global from A-Z.

In entries starting from brief to lengthy, Kenneth Kitchell bargains perception into this ordinarily ignored global, protecting consultant and interesting examples of mammals, reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates. standard animals resembling the cow, puppy, fox and donkey are taken care of in addition to extra unique animals corresponding to the babirussa, pangolin, and dugong. The facts adduced levels from Minoan occasions to the overdue Roman Empire and is taken from archaeology, old authors, inscriptions, papyri, cash, mosaics and all different inventive media. at any time when attainable reasoned identifications are given for historical animal names and the realities at the back of animal lore are introduced forth. Why did the ancients imagine hippopotamuses practiced blood letting on themselves? How do you seize a monkey? Why have been hyenas considered hermaphroditic? was once there rather a vampire moth? Entries are followed via complete citations to old authors and an intensive bibliography.

Of use to Classics scholars and students, yet written in a method designed to have interaction someone attracted to Greco-Roman antiquity, Animals within the old global from A to Z finds the level and value of the animal global to the traditional Greeks and Romans. It solutions many questions, asks numerous extra, and seeks to stimulate extra examine during this vital box.

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See also bembix, wasp. , 1976; Jones, J. , “Bienenzucht,” RE Suppl. v. , “Apiculture,” BPNO; Woudhuizen, 1997. See also caterpillar, moth. ; Thorley, 1971. Belbus See hyena. Bestiality A great deal of thought was given in antiquity to what separated humans from other animals, and among the various answers was the fact that humans and animals do not have sexual relations, and that to do so was unnatural. In the Bible, for example, it was punishable by death for man and animal alike (Exodus 22:10, Leviticus 18:23).

It too is found in Italy. The long-fingered bat (M. capaccinii) is found along the Mediterranean shore in Europe. The greater mouse-eared bat (M. myotis) is said to dwell in southern Europe. It is clear that Aristotle studied the bat closely: it does have feet and can walk clumsily on them; is nocturnal; he is aware of the structure of its teeth and womb and that it is viviparous (Kraak). He stresses its dualizing nature, partaking in the nature of a terrestrial and a flying animal, while being 11 bAt beAr See flying serpent, fox, strix.

The palestrina nile mosaic depicts a bear with a nonsense inscription reading DRKOC (drkos). Meyboom (26) would emend it to read ARKOC (arkos). A gem in Leningrad shows a bear striding to the right. It has a true-to-life hump over its shoulders but another incongruously rises from its head (Boardman, pl. 910; Richter, 11–12, fig. 41). The bear was hunted throughout antiquity for sport, meat, and pelts, and to protect agricultural investments such as beehives, herds, and flocks. Most were killed with spears, but Oppian details the procedures used to capture bears alive (Cyn.

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