By George W. E. Nickelsburg
Within the 19th and primary 1/2 the 20th century, Christian students portrayed Judaism because the darkish spiritual backdrop to the freeing occasions of Jesus' lifestyles and the increase of the early church. because the Nineteen Fifties, although, a dramatic shift has happened within the research of Judaism, pushed by means of new manuscript and archaeological discoveries and new equipment and instruments for reading assets. George Nickelsburg the following presents a extensive and synthesizing photo of the result of the prior fifty years of scholarship on early Judaism and Christianity. He organizes his dialogue round a few conventional subject matters: scripture and culture, Torah and the righteous lifestyles, God's task on humanity's behalf, brokers of God's task, eschatology, old conditions, and social settings. all the chapters discusses the findings of latest examine on early Judaism, after which sketches the consequences of this learn for a potential reinter-pretation of Christianity. nonetheless, within the author's view, there continues to be an important Jewish-Christian schedule but to be constructed and carried out.
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Additional resources for Ancient Judaism and Christian Origins: Diversity, Continuity, and Transformation
Scholars long noted significant differences between the Hebrew and Greek versions of 1 and 2 Samuel and of Jere miah; some ascribed these to scribal carelessness. The Scrolls, however, attest diversity in the Hebrew texts of a larger number of biblical books. As in the case of the canon, the history of the biblical text has yet to be writ ten; but some facts are clear. A long and a short Hebrew text of Jeremiah existed side by side at Qumran. 14 The longer text of Samuel, previously known only in Greek, is the form of the text in the Hebrew Qumran 15 manuscripts.
In citing the scholarly literature on Judaism and Christianity, I kept in mind the diverse audiences for which I intend this book. Sometimes I cite technical articles and monographs. In other cases I refer to dictionary articles and commentaries that synthesize and provide responsible entree into the mass o f technical literature. The sections o f the chapters that deal with early Christianity are more suggestive than demonstrative. This reflects the fact that, in my view, a major agenda has yet to be developed and executed.
J e w i s h Precedents f o r t h e Rjse a n d Development o f t h e J e s u s T r a d i t i o n The lively, variegated nature of Jewish interpretation o f its sacred tradi tions offers some precedents and models for our understanding of the rise and development o f Christian traditions about Jesus o f Nazareth. It should not be surprising if the first Christians—being Jews or heirs of Jew ish tradition—adopted attitudes about the foundational traditions of their newly shaped religion that reflected Jewish attitudes and replicated Jewish practice.