By Sarah Ashwin
Monetary reform in post-Soviet Russia created not just a devastating decline in dwelling criteria, but in addition frequent lack of confidence and uncertainty. This ebook is the 1st to examine the location from a gendered viewpoint, laying off new mild at the means within which Russians are dealing with the transformation of the labour industry. The ebook examines gender ameliorations in responses to fiscal reform, and considers the consequences of those for the labour marketplace results and wider wellbeing and fitness of guys and girls in the course of transition. in accordance with unique study conducted via an skilled crew of sociologists, the ebook analyses the trips of 240 women and men during the turbulent Russian labour industry of 1999-2001. It comprises chapters on: *the method gender norms inherited from the Soviet period have encouraged responses to transition *sex segregation and discrimination within the labour marketplace *gender ameliorations in paintings orientations and behavior *who merits from networks *which lifestyles occasions are probably to start up downward financial trajectories.
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Additional info for Adapting to Russia's New Labour Market Gender and Employment Strategy (Routledgecurzon History of Russia and Eastern Europe)
As Marina Kiblitskaya (2000b) has argued, the ideology of the male breadwinner was preserved in Soviet society because, although men were rarely the sole earners in families (Soviet wage scales assumed dual-income families), they tended to earn more than women. Thus, the breadwinner (kormilets) in Russian household is the person who earns the highest income—a view confirmed by statistical analysis of what gave respondents in the 1998 ISITO household survey the status of breadwinner in the eyes of other household members (Kozina, 2000).
10 Here I develop this analysis further on the basis of an examination of all the cases of ‘failed male breadwinners’ in our data at the final stage of the research. 11 Analysis of all the interviews with the respondents concerned revealed that the failure of men to conform with local norms did not automatically lead to tension, though it did carry such a risk. Overall, in eight of the cases it appeared to lead to strain (five of the cases involving our female respondents, and half of those involving male respondents).
Poverty in Transition and Transition in Poverty: Recent Developments in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Georgia, Russia, Mongolia, Oxford: Berghahn Books/UNESCO, pp. 177–222. Rosefielde, S. (2001) ‘Premature deaths: Russia’s radical economic transition in Soviet perspective’, Europe–Asia Studies, 35, 8:1159–1176. Rotkirch, A. (2000) The Man Question: Loves and Lives in Late 20th Century Russia, Helsinki: University of Helsinki. , Leon, D. and Meslé, F. (1998) ‘Causes of the Russian mortality: evidence and interpretations’, World Development, 26, 11:1995–2011.