Download Across the Ocean: Nine Essays on Indo-Mediterranean Trade by Federico De Romanis, Marco Maiuro PDF

By Federico De Romanis, Marco Maiuro

Across the Ocean comprises 9 essays, each one devoted to a key query within the heritage of the exchange kinfolk among the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean from Antiquity to the Early sleek interval: the function of the kingdom within the pink Sea alternate, Roman coverage within the crimson Sea, the functionality of Trajan s Canal, the pepper exchange, the pearl exchange, the Nabataean middlemen, using gold in historic India, the consistent renewal of the Indian Ocean ports of alternate, and the increase and death of the VOC."

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Rougé 1957). 5%. 50 If the quarter-tax was farmed, the State would have been assured of a predictable and very sizeable income, and there would have been great scope for the arabarchs as individuals to make large profits. 51 His other son, M. 52 Apart from the considerable financial profit from customs dues, there were other reasons for the State’s interest in supporting and sustaining this luxury trade with India via the Red Sea. , Ann. 52–55). In 22 ce, the aediles at Rome reported that sumptuary laws were being ignored, and utility prices in markets were rising.

2 The trade with India and the East relied on substantial organisation and far-reaching and complex networks of exchange. The imported goods fetched considerable prices, engendering substantial profits for the willing, those who were capable of investing in the lucrative but also highly risky Indo-Roman trade. 3 To begin with, I will contextualise the pearl trade and look at the origins of pearls and the mechanisms of trade and 1 For finds in Pompeii and Herculaneum: Siviero 1954, esp. cat. 271 (forty-eight examples of these two pearl earring types were found); cat.

One is based on the evidence of the ‘Muziris’ papyrus, the other on the respective schedules of river and sea navigation. The combination of the two will lead to the consideration of an alternative scenario that should be checked against the known archaeological record of the Isthmus area. The Muziris papyrus contains on one side the terms of a financial arrangement between a trader and a businessman for the transport by camels of luxury goods from an unspecified Red Sea port, be it Myos Hormos, Leukos Limen, Berenice, or any other one, to Coptos: And I will weigh and give to your cameleer another twenty talents for loading up for the road inland to Coptos, and I will convey [sc.

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