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By Roy Sorensen

"A cupboard of Philosophical Curiosities is a colourful choice of puzzles and paradoxes, either old and modern, by way of thinker Roy Sorensen. Taking notion from Ian Stewart's Professor Stewart's cupboard of Mathematical Curiosities, which assembled fascinating "maths" from open air the study room right into a miscellany of marvels, those puzzles are able to be loved independently yet achieve mutual support Read more...

summary: "A cupboard of Philosophical Curiosities is a colourful choice of puzzles and paradoxes, either old and modern, via thinker Roy Sorensen. Taking thought from Ian Stewart's Professor Stewart's cupboard of Mathematical Curiosities, which assembled attention-grabbing "maths" from outdoor the study room right into a miscellany of marvels, those puzzles are able to be loved independently yet achieve mutual aid while learn in clusters. the quantity levels from basic examples to anomalous anomalies, considers facts that turns out to verify a generalization whereas decreasing its likelihood, and argues that we're doomed to think infinitely many contradictions-and that the discomfort of contradictions should be profoundly stimulating. within this booklet you are going to study of John Eck, who debated Luther in 1519. He devised a chain of contracts that sidestepped usury legislation, and German bankers made a fortune from this Triple agreement. Sorensen additionally recounts how Voltaire set himself up for all times through exploiting a fallacy within the building of a Parisian lottery. there's good judgment for altruists, too. you can find how basic Benjamin Butler used other-centric reasoning to guard runaway slaves. There are old snapshots of good judgment in motion, and the publication includes tributes to Lewis Carroll, Arthur earlier, and Peter Geach. as well as brief essays, there are dialogues, treatments and insults."--Goodreads.com

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Poor reasoning is reasoning. So they must be reasoning in their dreams, perhaps in a delirium. Lewis Carroll dates the following dream to 15 May 1879: Last night I had a dream which I record as a curiosity, so far as I know, in the literature of dreams. I was staying, with my sisters, in some suburb of London, and had heard that the Terrys were staying near us, so went to call, and found Mrs. Terry at home, who told us that Marion [nicknamed ‘Polly’] and Florence were at the theatre, ‘the Walter House,’ where they had a good engagement.

Nor were they impressed with me. Could my hero have led me into a worse pedagogical debacle? I attempted a cheerful face and squeaked, ‘Gee whiz, isn’t that strange! ’ The students mercilessly complied. Yes, the NOT again evaporated. As did my composure. The students began to laugh at me. Softly at first, then louder and louder. My voice cracking, I once again asked them to insert the NOT. This merely amplified their swirling derision. I could hardly hear myself think! Blood rushed to my cheeks.

A lop-sided run of five heads disturbs the ratio of heads to tails over the short run. But the five-toss streak has steadily less impact on the 1 : 1 ratio over the long run. This does not mean the five-head surplus disappears; it is merely dwarfed into statistical insignificance by the growing number of coin tosses. Luck has no memory. The law of averages does not try to make up for past imbalances. Bottom line: My five nights’ worth of dishes were a dead loss! Just processes do not guarantee just outcomes.

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