By B. A. Dogel’, Y. P. Ilyasov (auth.), S. Y. Braude, A. E. Salomonovich, V. A. Samanian, I. S. Shklovskii, R. L. Sorochenko, V. S. Troitskii, K. I. Kellermann, B. A. Dubinskii, N. L. Kaidanovskii, N. S. Kardashev, M. M. Kobrin, A. D. Kuzmin, A. P. Molchanov
This translation of A short background of Radio Astronomy within the USSR makes descriptions of the antennas and instrumentation utilized in the USSR, the astronomical discoveries, in addition to fascinating own backgrounds of a few of the early key gamers in Soviet radio astronomy to be had within the English language for the 1st time. This e-book is a set of memoirs recounting a fascinating yet mostly nonetheless darkish period of Soviet astronomy. The association of the essays is set basically by the point while radio astronomy stories begun on the associations concerned. those comprise the Lebedev actual Institute (FIAN), Gorkii country college and the affiliated Physical-Technical Institute (GIFTI), Moscow nation college Sternberg Astronomical institute (GAISH) and house study Institute (IKI), the dep. of Radio Astronomy of the most Astronomical Observatory in Pulkovo (GAO), certain Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine (SSR), Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics of the USSR Academy of Sciences (IRE), Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Ionosphere and Radio-Wave Propagation Institute (IZMIRAN), Siberian Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Ionosphere and Radio-Wave Propagation (SibIZMIRAN), the Radio Astrophysical Observatory of the Latvian Academy of Sciences and Leningrad country University.
A short heritage of Radio Astronomy within the USSR is an interesting resource of data on a prior period of medical tradition and fields of study together with the Soviet SETI actions. an individual drawn to the new historical past of technological know-how will get pleasure from studying this volume.
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Extra info for A Brief History of Radio Astronomy in the USSR: A Collection of Scientific Essays
Sigal established the presence of a correlation between the slowly varying component of the solar radio emission at 50 cm and coronal condensations in 1956. Vitkevich and his coworkers obtained new results in 1955–1960, including the discovery of a new type of solar radio flare, quasi-monochromatic phenomena on the Sun and small “peaks” of radio emission of various classes. 45 m during the International Geophysical Year (from August 1957 through August 1958), Alekseev came to an important conclusion—the sporadic radio emission of the Sun was due to local, primarily polarised, sources on the solar disk, with sizes, as a rule, less than 9 .
I. Kamenova began their work at the station in 1953–1955, and L. I. Matveenko in 1956. A. Dogel’ et al. Fig. 8 Reflecting radio telescope used to conduct spectral observations at 21 cm starting in 1954 under the overall supervision of Vitkevich. The group of Udal’tsov performed experimental studies of the solar corona based on analyses of signals that had passed through the corona, and independently developed radio astronomy studies of the Crab Nebula; the group of Kokurin (to an appreciable extent independently) carried out experimental investigations of the ionosphere.
First Observations in Pushchino The large amount of experience with radio astronomy investigations obtained in the 1950s led to the determination of the main requirements for radio telescopes. The question of expanding into the range of millimetre and short centimetre wavelengths became pressing. Observations at precisely these wavelengths could more easily be used to compare the results of radio and optical studies. This required a radio telescope with a large effective area to enhance its sensitivity and angular resolution.